APPENDIX ONE: A List Of Global Organizations

This Appendix consists of descriptions of global organizations, or at any rate those with sufficient clout to have some sort of global importance, many mentioned in the text of the book, under the four headings: 'Economic', 'Political', 'Cultural' and 'Legal'. Web addresses are also given.

Readers are invited to suggest organizations to be included in the lists. If you want to propose one, please write to mgbell@agenthuman.com, with Futures in the subject line, making your proposal and giving a description of the organization concerned in up to 200 words.

 SECTION D: POLITICAL ORGANIZATIONS

The Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN)

The Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) was established in 1967 between Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines, Singapore, and Thailand. Since then, Brunei Darussalam, Vietnam , Lao PDR, Myanmar and Cambodia have joined. The region has a population of about 500 million, and a combined GDP of US$700 billion. ASEAN is mid-way between the EU and Mercosur in terms of its maturity as an organization.

The ASEAN Declaration gives the aims and purposes of the Association as being to accelerate economic growth, social progress and cultural development in the region and to promote regional peace and stability through abiding respect for justice and the rule of law in the relationship among countries in the region and adherence to the principles of the United Nations Charter.

ASEAN comprises the ASEAN Security Community, the ASEAN Economic Community and the ASEAN Socio-Cultural Community.

The ASEAN Security Community (ASC) aims to ensure that countries in the region live at peace with one another and with the world in a just, democratic and harmonious environment. The members of the Community pledge to rely exclusively on peaceful processes in the settlement of intra-regional differences and regard their security as fundamentally linked to one another and bound by geographic location, common vision and objectives. It has the following components: political development; shaping and sharing of norms; conflict prevention; conflict resolution; post-conflict peace building; and implementing mechanisms.

The ASEAN Economic Community aims to create a stable, prosperous and highly competitive ASEAN economic region in which there is a free flow of goods, services, investment and a freer flow of capital, equitable economic development and reduced poverty and socio-economic disparities in year 2020.

The ASEAN Economic Community is working to accelerate regional integration in the following priority sectors: air travel, agro-based products, automotives, e-commerce, electronics, fisheries, healthcare, rubber-based products, textiles and apparels, tourism, and wood-based products; to facilitate movement of business persons, skilled labour and talents; and to strengthen the institutional mechanisms of ASEAN, including the improvement of the existing ASEAN Dispute Settlement Mechanism to ensure expeditious and legally-binding resolution of any economic disputes.

The ASEAN Free Trade Area has moved a long way towards the abolition of tariffs between ASEAN member states, although much remains to be done.

Other major integration-related economic activities of ASEAN include the following:

  • Roadmap for Financial and Monetary Integration of ASEAN in four areas, namely, capital market development, capital account liberalisation, liberalisation of financial services and currency cooperation;
  • A trans-ASEAN transportation network consisting of major inter-state highway and railway networks, including the Singapore to Kunming Rail-Link, principal ports, and sea lanes for maritime traffic, inland waterway transport, and major civil aviation links;
  • Roadmap for Integration of Air Travel Sector;
  • Interoperability and interconnectivity of national telecommunications equipment and services, including the ASEAN Telecommunications Regulators Council Sectoral Mutual Recognition Arrangement (ATRC-MRA) on Conformity Assessment for Telecommunications Equipment;
  • Trans-ASEAN energy networks, which consist of the ASEAN Power Grid and the Trans-ASEAN Gas Pipeline Projects;
  • Initiative for ASEAN Integration (IAI) focusing on infrastructure, human resource development, information and communications technology, and regional economic integration primarily in the CLMV countries;

Many of these goals remain little more than pious hopes; but they indicate the breadth of the vision that ASEAN is attempting to implement.

The ASEAN Socio-Cultural Community, in consonance with the goal set by ASEAN Vision 2020, envisages a Southeast Asia bonded together in partnership as a community of caring societies and founded on a common regional identity. ASEAN intends to ensure that its work force is prepared for economic integration by investing more resources for basic and higher education, training, science and technology development, job creation, and social protection. ASEAN also means to intensify cooperation in the area of public health, including in the prevention and control of infectious and communicable diseases.

ASEAN ministerial meetings are held regularly in a number of sectors: agriculture and forestry, economics (trade), energy, environment, finance, health, information, investment, labour, law, regional haze, rural development and poverty alleviation, science and technology, social welfare, telecommunications, transnational crime, transportation, tourism, youth. Supporting these ministerial bodies are committees of senior officials, technical working groups and task forces.

Bilateral trading arrangements have been or are being forged between ASEAN Member Countries and China, Japan, and the ROK. These arrangements will serve as the building blocks of an East Asian Free Trade Area as a long term goal.

To support the conduct of ASEAN’s external relations, ASEAN has established committees composed of heads of diplomatic missions in the following capitals: Beijing, Berlin, Brussels, Canberra, Geneva, Islamabad, London, Moscow, New Delhi, New York, Ottawa, Paris, Riyadh, Seoul, Tokyo, Washington D.C. and Wellington.

Caribbean Community and Common Market: http://www.caricom.org/

The Caribbean Community and Common Market was established by the 1973 Treaty of Chaguaramas, which was revised in 2001. CARICOM replaced the Caribbean Free Trade Association, originally founded in 1965. Currently there are 15 full members, 5 associate members and 7 observer countries. Since the great majority of these jurisdictions are ex-British colonies, CARICOM is largely English-speaking.

CARICOM's progress towards integration has been stuttering, and it was not until 2006 that a first group of members (Barbados, Belize, Jamaica, Guyana, Suriname and Trinidad and Tobago) brought the CSME (CARICOM Single Market Economy) to life, although with quite limited scope.

The Egmont Group: http://www.egmontgroup.org/

The Egmont Group is an international grouping of countries which have Financial Intelligence Units. FIUs, which have been set up in many if not most countries, aim to increase transparency internationally through information exchange in an attempt to limit money-laundering and terrorist financing. Its 'Principles for Information Exchange Between Financial Intelligence Units for Money Laundering and Terrorism Financing Cases' were agreed in The Hague, 13 June 2001.

European Union: http://europa.eu/

Despite 'enlargement fatigue' the EU is still growing, and the weight of its settled policies and economy seems likely to bring economic stability to even the difficult Balkans within the next ten years. With Turkey, the outcome remains unclear.

The Financial Action Task Force (FATF): http://www.fatf-gafi.org/pages /0,2966,en_32250379_32235720
_1_1_1_1_1,00.html

The Financial Action Task Force (FATF) has been considerably more effective than the OECD (of which it is a part, to be fair) in 'cleaning-up' offshore – and some onshore – jurisdictions through its anti money-laundering campaign. While countries were able to get off the OECD's list of transgressors simply by promising to be good, the FATF brought a tougher-minded approach to its targets, and insisted on real legislative change before it would de-list a country. Usually that included extensive improvements in 'know your customer' procedures, the creation of a Financial Intelligence Unit with accompanying reporting rules, and enhancement of mutual assistance legislation, as well as the passing of laws which clearly criminalized money-laundering and terrorist financing.

Mercado Común del Sur: http://www.mercosur.int/msweb/

Mercosur (Mercado Común del Sur) remains in reality little more than a South American regional trading pact, but it has pretensions to political integration on the scale of the EU.

Mercosur was founded in 1991 by the Treaty of Asunción, amended and updated by the 1994 Treaty of Ouro Preto. Current members are Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay, Uruguay and Venezuela. Bolivia, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador and Peru currently are associate members.

One World Trust: http://www.oneworldtrust.org/?display=about

The One World Trust, a registered UK charity, sets out to promote education, training and research into the changes required within global organisations in order to make them answerable to the people they affect and ensure that international laws are strengthened and applied equally to all.

The Trust says that it conducts research on practical ways to make global organisations more responsive to the people they affect, and on how the rule of law can be applied equally to all. It educates political leaders and opinion-formers about the findings of its research.

The Trust focuses its work on 3 international issues: accountability, peace and security, and sustainable development.

It is funded by donations from individual supporters, and a number of grants and bequests. More information about sources of income is given on the funding page.

The Trust is an NGO in Special Consultative Status with the Economic and Social Council of the United Nations.

The Trust was founded in 1951 by the All-Party Parliamentary Group for World Government.

The Trust's 2006 Global Accountability Report has accountability assessments of 30 of the world's most powerful organisations.